Gifts From The Hills: North Central Louisiana Folk Traditions
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1. Portions of this essay have been taken from my earlier essay, "Regional Folklife of North Louisiana." To appear in Spitzer, ed. Louisiana Folklife: A Guide to the State, Louisiana. Folklife Program, Office of Cultural Development, 1984.

2. The quotations in each section have been drawn from taped interviews and field notes made during the North Central Louisiana Folklife Project conducted by Susan Roach-Lankford.

3. For a detailed documentation of north central Louisiana folk architecture, see Martin, 1982, 1983, and 1984, which provide drawings, photographs, and listings of folk forms.

Selected Bibliography

Allen, Vicky Herren. "Notes on the History of the Absalom Autry House." Unpublished manuscript.

Burris, Shirley. 1980. "Fishing Gigging." Louisiana Folklore Miscellany, Vol. 4, pp. 111-115.

Black, Patti Carr, ed. 1980. Made by Hand: Mississippi Folk Art. Jackson, Miss.: Dept. of Archives and History.

Carter, Doris D. 1976. "Charles P. Adams and Grambling State University: The Formative Years." Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. XVII, pp. 401-412.

Cash, W.J. 1941. The Mind of the South. New York: Vintage Books.

Cawthorn, John Ardis. "Ghost Towns of Old Claiborne." Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 39, no.4, pp. 393-402.

Conrad, Glenn R., ed.. 1978. Readings in Louisiana History. New Orleans: Louisiana History Association.

Cook, Phillip. 1970. "Lake Bistineau Salt Works and Its Civil War Operation." North Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 1, no. 2, pp.1-11.

_____. 1978. "Mt. Lebanon University in War and Peace." North Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 9, no.2, pp. 55-66.

_____. 1983. "The Pioneer Preachers of the North Louisiana Hill Country." North Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1-12.

DeCaro, Frank and Rosan Jordan. 1980. Louisiana Traditional Crafts. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Dur, Phillip, and Don M. Kurtz, II. 1971. "North-South Cleavages in Louisiana Voting 1948-1968." Louisiana Studies, Vol. 10, no. 1 (Spring), pp.28-38.

Federal Writers Project. 1941. Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves. Washington, D.C.: WPA.

Folk, Mary Lucille. 1961. A Word Atlas of North Louisiana. Louisiana State University: Ph.D. Dissertation.

Genovese, Eugene D. 1972. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon Books.

Gibson, Herman, III. 1976. Deer Hunting Clubs in Concordia Parish. Louisiana State University. M.A. Thesis.

Gilley, B.H., ed. 1984. North Louisiana: Essays on the Region and Its History to 1865, Vol. I. Ruston, La.: McGinty Trust Fund Publications.

Graham, Kathleen. 1934. Notes on the History of Lincoln Parish. Ruston, La.: Louisiana Polytechnic Institute.

Gregory, H.F., ed. 1962. "Africa in the Delta." Louisiana Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Spring), pp. 16-22.

_____. 1966. "The Black River Commercial Fisheries: A Study in Cultural Geography." Louisiana Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 3-36.

Gregory, H.F., ed.. 1981. Doing It Right and Passing It On: North Louisiana Crafts. Alexandria, Louisiana: Alexandria Museum of Art.

Hair, William I. 1977. "Plundered Legacy: Early History of North Louisiana's Oil and Gas Industry." North Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 179-183.

Hanna, Charles A. 1902. The Scotch-Irish. New York: G. P. Putnam and Sons.

Harrington, Randal. 1979. History of Jackson Parish. Unpublished manuscript.

Harris, D.W. and B.M. Hulse. 1886. The History of Claiborne Parish Louisiana from 1828-1885. New Orleans Press of W. B. Stansbury and Company.

Highsmith, Richard M. 1964. "Natchitoches Parish: A Microcosm of Trends and Processes in Southern Land Use." Louisiana Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring), pp.9-45.

Hilburn, Wiley. 1981. "Remembering Summertime in North Louisiana." Shreveport Times. July 5, 1981, p.5.

Humphrey, Hubert. 1965. "In a Sense Experimental: The Civilian Conservation Corps in Louisiana (Part II)." Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 27-51.

_____. 1964. "In a Sense Experimental: The Civilian Conservation Corps in Louisiana." Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 345-67.

Kniffen, Fred. 1936. "Louisiana House Types." Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 26: 179-193.

_____. 1951. Cultural Survey of Louisiana. (Unpublished final report on ONR program N7 onr 35606, November 30, 1951).

_____. 1963. "The Physiognomy of Rural Louisiana." Louisiana History. Vol. 4: 4, pp. 291-299.

_____. 1968. Louisiana: Its Land and People. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

LeBon, Joseph W. 1970. The Catahoula Hog Dog. Louisiana State University: M.A. Thesis.

Legan, Marshall Scott. 1976. "Railroad Sentiment in North Louisiana in the 1850's." Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 125-42.

LePage DuPratz, Antoine Simon. 1774. The History of Louisiana. London: T. Beckett. New Orleans: Pelican Press.

Leyburn, James C. 1962. The Scotch-Irish: A Social History. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.

Lindsey, Allen D. 1969. "Yellow Pine: The Life and Death of a Lumber Town." North Louisiana Historical Association, Vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 17-25.

Lockett, Samuel. 1969. Louisiana As It Is, ed. Lauren C. Post. (1871). Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Loomis, Ormond H., ed. 1983. Cultural Conservation: The Protection of Cultural Heritage in the United States. Washington, D.C., Library of Congress.

Louisiana Dept. of Conservation. 1976. A List of Louisiana Oil and Gas Fields and Salt Domes. Vol. 1.

Louisiana Dept. of Natural Resources. 1981. Louisiana Annual Oil and Gas Report.

Louisiana Dept. of Natural Resources. Office of Forestry. 1983. Timber and Pulpwood Production.

Marshall, Howard W. 1981. American Folk Architecture: A Selected Bibliography. Washington, D.C., Library of Congress: American Folklife Center.

Martin, Lestar. 1982. Folk Architecture in North Louisiana: Lincoln Parish, Vol. 1. Ruston, La.: Louisiana Tech.

_____. 1983. Folk Architecture in North Louisiana: Bienville Parish, Vol. 2. Ruston, La.: Louisiana Tech.

_____. 1984. Folk Architecture in North Louisiana: Union Parish, Vol. 3. Ruston, La.: Louisiana Tech.

Newton, Milton B. 1975. "Blurring of the North-South Contrast." In The Culture of Acadiana, ed. S. D. Del Sesto and J. L. Gibson. Lafayette, La.: University of Southwestern Louisiana Press.

Owsley, Frank. 1975. Plain Folk in the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Peirce, Neal R. 1974. The Deep South States of America. New York.

Phillips, Jack, n.d. Fifty-Year Memories of A Sharecropper's Son. Unpublished manuscript.

Pulliam, Linda and M.B. Newton. 1973. "Country and Small Town Stores of Louisiana: Legacy of the Greek Revival and the Frontier." Melanges, No. 7. Louisiana State University: Museum of Geosciences.

Roach-Lankford, Susan. 1980. Patchwork Quilts: Deep South Traditions. Alexandria, Louisiana: Alexandria Museum of Art.

_____. 1981. "The North Louisiana String Band." Louisiana Folklife, Vol. 6, no. 1, March 1981.

Rosenberg, Bruce. 1970. The Art of the American Folk Preacher. New York: Oxford University Press.

Shugg, Roger. 1939. Origins of Class Struggle in Louisiana. Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press.

Sink, Susan. 1983. Traditional Crafts and Craftsmanship in America: A Selected Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: American Folklife Center.

Smith, Kay Riser. 1974. "Louisiana's Two Chautuaquas." North Louisiana Historical Association. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 138-42.

Smith, T. Lynn and Homer L. Hitt. 1952. The People of Louisiana. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Spitzer, Nicholas. 1984. Louisiana Folklife: A Guide to the State. Baton Rouge: Louisiana Folklife Program. Office of Cultural Development.

Taylor, Joe Gray. 1974. Louisiana Reconstructed, 1863-1867. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.

Tompkins, F. H. 1886. North Louisiana: Its Soil, Climate, Productions, Health, Schools, Etc. Cincinnati: A.H. Pugh Company.

Treat, Victor H. 1967. Migration into Louisiana, 1834-1880. University of Texas, Ph.D. Dissertation.

Trout, Robert O. 1955. The People of the North Central Louisiana Hill Country. Louisiana State University, Ph.D. Dissertation.

Tullos, Allen, ed. 1977. Long Journey Home: Folklife in the South. Special Issue, Southern Exposure. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

U.S. Dept. of Interior, Bureau of Census

1850 Seventh Census of the United States. Louisiana. Population and Slave Schedules.

Tenth Census of the United States. Vol. 10. Report on the Forest of the U.S.

U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Census

1910 Thirteenth Census of the United States. Vol. 10. Reports for Principal Manufacturing.

1920 Fourteenth Census of the United States. Vol. 6, pg. 1. Agriculture.

1980 Twentieth Census of the United States.

Vlach, John Michael. 1978. The Afro-American Tradition in Decorative Arts. Cleveland, Ohio: Cleveland Museum of Art.

Wilder, Margaret Ann. 1971. "Education in the Ante-Bellum Union Parish." North Louisiana Historical Association. Vol. III, no. 1, pp. 9-15.

Wilder, Margaret Ann Ramsey. 1971. History of Union Parish, 1865-1900. Unpublished M.A. Thesis. Louisiana Tech.

Winters, John , III. 1963. Civil War in Louisiana. Baton Rouge: 1963.

Wright, Martin. 1956. Log Culture in Hill Louisiana. Louisiana State University, Ph.D. Dissertation.

This publication first appeared as an exhibit catalog in 1984. With a Ph. D. in folklore from the University of Texas at Austin, Susan Roach served as Regional Folklorist from 1998-2009, and now serves as Director of the School of Literature and Language at Louisiana Tech University.